Pneumatic Powered Metal Pick and Place Arm
Pneumatic Powered Metal Pick and Place Arm report
Abstract: This project aims to Design and fabricatepneumatic arm for pick and place of cylindrical objects. The handling of materials and mechanisms to pick andplace of objects from lower plane to higher plane and arewidely found in factories and industrial manufacturing.There are number of pneumatic arms are available which consists of so many mechanisms hence becomes expensive.The designed pneumatic arm consists of two cylinders, ashaft works with lead screw mechanism capable ofconverting motion of piston to rotational motion of armwith help of using compressed air. The designed processesare carried out based on integrated information ofkinematics dynamics and structural analysis of the desired robot configuration as whole. The highly dynamic pneumatic arm model can be easily set at intermediate positions by regulating the pressure using the flow control valve. It can be used in loading and unloading of goods in ashipping harbour as the movement of goods is done from lower plane to higher plane. Keywords – Pneumatic arm, Work volume, Cylindricalobjects, Steel shaft A1 Cylinders, C-45 pistons, pilot valve, grippers.The designed pneumatic arm consists of four cylinders, a shaft works with lead screw mechanism capable of converting motion of piston to rotational motion of arm with help of using compressed air. The designed processes are carried out based on integrated information of kinematics dynamicsand structural analysis of the desired robot configuration as whole. The highly dynamic pneumatic arm model can be easily set at intermediate positions by regulating the pressure using the flow control valve. As the pneumatic arm is constructed with lightmaterials, so that it will be much easier for a person to handle it with proper manner. The handling of materials and mechanisms to pick and place of objects from lower plane to higher plane and are widely found in factories and industrial manufacturing.Material handling is a necessary and significant component of any productive activity. It is something that goes on in every plant all the time. Material handling means providing the right amount of the right material, in the right condition, at the right place, at the right time, in the right position and for the right cost, by using the right method. It is simply picking up, moving, and lying down of materials through manufacture. It applies to the movement of raw materials, parts in process, finished goods, packing materials, and disposal of scraps. In general, hundreds and thousands tons of materials are handled daily requiring the use of large amount of manpower while the movement of materials takes place from one processing area to another or from one department to another department of the plant. The cost of material handling contributes significantly to the total cost of manufacturing. Handling and storing materials involve diverse operations such as hoisting tons of steel with a crane; driving a truck loaded with concrete blocks; carrying bags or materials manually; and stacking palletized bricks or other materials such as drums, barrels, kegs, and lumber. The efficient handling and storing of materials are vital to industry.