Power Generation using Speed Breakers
Power Generation using Speed Breakers report
Abstract: Energy is the primary need for survival especially for mankind. Everything that happens in the surrounding is the expression of flow of energy in one of the forms. But in this fast moving world, population is increasing day by day and the conventional energy sources are lessening. The extensive usage of energy has resulted in an energy crisis over the few years. Therefore, to overcome this problem we need to implement the techniques of optimal utilization of conventional sources for conservation of energy. This project includes how toutilize the energy which is wasted when the vehicles passes over a speed breaker. Lots of energy is generated when vehicle passes over it. We can tap the energy generated and produce power by using the speed breaker as power generating unit. The kinetic energy of the moving vehicles can be converted into mechanical energy of the shaft through rack and pinion mechanism which is an electromechanical principle. Then, this mechanical energy will be converted to electrical energy using generator which will be saved with the use of a battery. The energy we save during the day light can be used in the night time for lighting street lights. Therefore, by using this arrangement sufficient energy can be generated to meet various daily need. This work focuses to generate energy from speed breaker by making gear arrangement. To make the system more efficient a pressure transducer i.e. piezoelectric crystal can be used that will convert vehicle pressure into electrical output. The output of system can also be monitored on real time basis using Wi-Fi based module. This will lessen the dependency on energy produced by conventional process to some extent.The demand of electricity is increasing rapidly day by day but the production rate is not according to meet the need. Establishing new power plants to produce more electrical energy is not a solution to this problem as per economical point of view. The government and the electricity generating companies is suffering huge losses in electrical power production due to inefficient methodology and various other constraints especially in thermal power plants. The existing huge gap between demand and production can be filled by producing electricity at individual level in order to meet various household needs. To generate electricity to satisfy daily or basic needs various sources can be used that are normally overlooked in daily life, one of these sources include mechanical pressure of vehicles on speed breaker.