Ground Line Marking Machine
Ground Line Marking Machine report
Our project is based on a fully mechanized process where we have designed and fabricated a simple mechanism of road marking machine which sprays the paint on application of force. Here we use a mild steel frame which supports the whole arrangement. The clutch lever arrangement is provided for initiating the spring action and thus the spray of paint is actuated. In the ordinary conventional process, many heat energy is required and thus it is also a time consuming process. To reduce the effort of the human and to sophisticate the conventional process the use this machine is required. It can be used in city side rather than highway as it is useful and mainly aimed for solving the problem in the city roads because of its time consumption. The machine can provide an easy access to the people within the stipulated time. The main aim of this project is to save time and to reduce fatigue of the workers.The white markings in the road are introduced to separate the lanes. The normal road marking machine uses the very complicated mechanism for the marking of the white lane marker. Marking of the divider line is considered as one of the most important work for highways department. In early days twines were used for marking lines on the roads. They use to pour the paints on the sides of the twines. Later this method was developed by introducing templates which lead to great paint consumption, more time and worker’s fatigue.The painting on the road surface and also gap between tracks is maintained automatically. This can be easily done by moving the marking machine in forward motion. This saves more time and energy. We also observed in one of the journal that, In recent years Public Works Department faces acute labour shortage problems and road stud installation adds up to it. Also manual installation consumes more time and are not efficient. In one of the reference we have found that different materials are used for marking of different types of road surface. The aim of this work is to find out the compatibility of the different material used for road marking.
In the improved detection and marking paper the lane detection is based on Hough Transform. The pedestrian detection is based on Histogram of Oriented Gradient (HOG) which is the best method of people detector which is implemented here to avoid road accidents.With reference to the illuminating instruments in the roads for better visibility to the passenger, Road marking differs from other types of road equipment regarding the exposition to wear From tyres and ploughs. Furthermore, in headlight illumination, road markings are viewed in small observation angles, which means that solely a small part of The incident light is reflected back towards the driver. This fact implies a visibility problem; the lower the degree of retro-reflection of the road marking surface, the worse the visibility. This problem is especially pronounced in wet weather conditions, when the degree of specular reflection is high. Consequently, maintenance of road markings is important and must be carried out regularly, within short time-intervals especially in countries where studded tyres are used. In this connection one main problem is to decide when and where maintenance must be accomplished.Our whole project is made of MS pipe as it has high strength and due to its weight nature, this is because our project is to be used for outdoor purposes so thus it has to be little heavier so that it can overcome the wind forces and the amount of pressure exerted by the worker during working. Thus the use of mild steel is suitable for this fabrication.