Fusion of MS and PAN Images Preserving Spectral QualityAbstract: Image fusion aims at improving spectral information in a fused image as well as adding spatial details to it. Among the existing fusion algorithms, filter-based fusion methods are the most frequently discussed cases in recent publications due to their ability to improve spatial and spectral information of multispectral (MS) and panchromatic (PAN) images. Filter-based approaches extract spatial information from the PAN image and inject it into MS images. Designing an optimal filter that is able to extract relevant and nonredundant information from the PAN image is presented in this letter. The optimal filter coefficients extracted from statistical properties of the images are more consistent with type and texture of the remotely sensed images compared with other kernels such as wavelets. Visual and statistical assessments show that the proposed algorithm clearly improves the fusion quality in terms of correlation coefficient, relative dimensionless global error in synthesis, spectral angle mapper, universal image quality index, and quality without reference, as compared with fusion methods, including improved intensity-hue-saturation, multiscale Kalman filter, Bayesian, improved nonsubsampled contourlet transform, and sparse fusion of image.
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